J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Mar 1;72(3):309-318. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glw074.
Exome-wide Association Study Identifies CLEC3B Missense Variant p.S106G as Being Associated With Extreme Longevity in East Asian Populations.
Life span is a complex trait regulated by multiple genetic and environmental factors; however, the genetic determinants of extreme longevity have been largely unknown. To identify the functional coding variants associated with extreme longevity, we performed an exome-wide association study (EWAS) on a Japanese population by using an Illumina HumanExome Beadchip and a focused replication study on a Chinese population. The EWAS on two independent Japanese cohorts consisting of 530 nonagenarians/centenarians demonstrated that the G allele of CLEC3B missense variant p.S106G was associated with extreme longevity at the exome-wide level of significance (p = 2.33×10-7, odds ratio [OR] = 1.50). The CLEC3B gene encodes tetranectin, a protein implicated in the mineralization process in osteogenesis as well as in the prognosis and metastasis of cancer. The replication study consisting of 448 Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians showed that the G allele of CLEC3B p.S106G was also associated with extreme longevity (p = .027, OR = 1.51), and the p value of this variant reached 1.87×10-8 in the meta-analysis of Japanese and Chinese populations. In conclusion, the present study identified the CLEC3B p.S106G as a novel longevity-associated variant, raising the novel hypothesis that tetranectin, encoded by CLEC3B, plays a role in human longevity and aging.
90歳代、100歳代の超高齢者とNILS-LSAを含む一般住民でのエクソームによるゲノムワイド関連研究で長寿関連遺伝子としてCLEC3B missense variant p.S106Gを同定し、報告した。