J Thorac Oncol. 2012 Dec;7(12):1790-7. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3182745968.
Prognostic impact of CD204-positive macrophages in lung squamous cell carcinoma: possible contribution of Cd204-positive macrophages to the tumor-promoting microenvironment.
INTRODUCTION: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are recruited into cancer-induced stroma and produce a specific microenvironment for cancer progression. CD204 (+) TAMs are reportedly related to tumor progression and clinical outcome in some tumors. The aim of this study was to clarify the correlation between CD204 (+) TAMs and the clinicopathological features of lung squamous cell carcinoma.
METHODS: We investigated the relationships between the numbers of CD204 (+) TAMs and clinicopathological factors, microvessel density, and the numbers of Foxp3 (+) lymphocytes in 208 consecutively resected cases. We also examined the relationships between the numbers of CD204 (+) TAMs and the expression levels of cytokines involved in the migration and differentiation of CD204 (+) TAMs.
RESULTS: A high number of CD204 (+) TAMs in the stroma was significantly correlated with an advanced p-stage, T factor, N factor, and the presence of vascular and pleural invasion. A high number of CD204 (+) TAMs in the stroma was also a significant prognostic factor for all p-stages and p-stage I. Moreover, the numbers of CD204 (+) TAMs were correlated with the microvessel density and the numbers of Foxp3 (+) lymphocytes. A high number of CD204 (+) TAMs was strongly correlated with the tissue expression level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. CD204 (+) TAMs were shown to be significant independent prognostic factors in a multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: CD204 (+) TAMs were an independent prognostic factor in lung squamous cell carcinoma. CD204 (+) TAMs, along with other tumor-promoting stromal cells such as regulatory T cells and endothelial cells, may create tumor-promoting microenvironments.