Summary

J Neurol. 2013 Dec;260(12):3023-9. doi: 10.1007/s00415-013-7104-y. Epub 2013 Sep 22.

Prednisolone improves walking in Japanese Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients.

Abstract:

We evaluated the long-term efficacy of prednisolone (PSL) therapy for prolonging ambulation in Japanese patients with genetically confirmed Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). There were clinical trials have shown a short-term positive effect of high-dose and daily PSL on ambulation, whereas a few study showed a long-term effect. Especially in Japan, real-life" observation was lacking. We utilized the national registry of muscular dystrophy in Japan for our retrospective study. We compared the age at loss of ambulation (LOA) between patients in PSL group and those in without-PSL group. Out of 791 patients' in the Remudy DMD/BMD registry from July 2009 to June 2012, 560 were matched with inclusion criteria. Of the 560, all were genetically confirmed DMD patients, 245 (43.8 %) of whom were treated with PSL and 315 (56.2 %) without PSL. There was no difference between the two groups regarding their mutational profile. The age at LOA was significantly greater (11 month on average) in the PSL group than in the without-PSL group (median, 132 vs. 121 months; p = 0.0002). Although strictly controlled clinical trials have shown that corticosteroid therapies achieved a marked improvement in ambulation, discontinuation of the drug due to intolerable side effects led to exclusion of clinical trial participants, which is considered as unavoidable. In our study, patients were not excluded from the PSL group, even if they discontinued the medication shortly after starting it. The results of our study may provide evidence to formulate recommendations and provide a basis for realistic expectations for PSL treatment of DMD patients in Japan, even there are certain limitations due to the retrospectively captured data in the registry."

日本語要旨:

神経筋疾患患者情報登録(Remudy)の患者データの詳細な解析を行い、デュシェンヌ型筋ジストロフィー(DMD)患者におけるステロイドホルモン薬の歩行機能延長効果を検討した。これまでに公表されている研究の中では世界最大規模の横断的観察研究であり、ステロイド使用群(245人)は、ステロイド未使用群(315人)と比較して、歩行可能期間が11か月延長していた。本研究によりはじめて、我が国のDMD患者におけるステロイド治療の長期効果を実証することができた。

PMID:  24057148

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