Cancer Sci. 2013 Feb;104(2):214-22. doi: 10.1111/cas.12054. Epub 2012 Dec 13.
Intraperitoneal delivery of a small interfering RNA targeting NEDD1 prolongs the survival of scirrhous gastric cancer model mice.
The prognosis of patients with advanced diffuse-type gastric cancer (GC), especially scirrhous gastric cancer (SGC) remains extremely poor. Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a frequent form of metastasis of SGC. With survival rates of patients with peritoneal metastasis at 3 and 5 years being only 9.8% and 0%, respectively, development of a new treatment is urgently crucial. For such development, the establishment of a therapeutic mouse model is required. Among the 11 GC cell lines we examined, HSC-60 showed the most well-preserved expression profiles of the Hedgehog and epithelial-mesenchymal transition pathways found in primary SGCs. After six cycles of harvest of ascitic tumor cells and their orthotopic inoculation in scid mice, a highly metastatic subclone of HSC-60, 60As6 was obtained, by means of which we successfully developed peritoneal metastasis model mice. The mice treated with small interfering (si) RNA targeting NEDD1, which encodes a gamma-tubulin ring complex-binding protein, by the atelocollagen-mediated delivery system showed a significantly prolonged survival. Our mouse model could thus be useful for the development of a new therapeutic modality. Intraperitoneal administration of siRNAs of targeted genes such as NEDD1 could provide a new opportunity in the treatment of the peritoneal metastasis of SGC.