Gynecol Oncol. 2014 Mar;132(3):703-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2014.01.045. Epub 2014 Jan 31.
Nuclear Y-box-binding protein-1 is a poor prognostic marker and related to epidermal growth factor receptor in uterine cervical cancer.
OBJECTIVE: Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is a member of the cold shock protein family and functions in transcription and translation. Many studies indicate that YB-1 is strongly expressed in tumor cells and is considered a marker of tumor aggressiveness and clinical prognosis. Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been associated with poor outcomes in cervical cancer.
Clinical trials of EGFR family-base therapy are currently being initiated in cervical cancer. Nuclear YB-1 expression correlates with EGFR expression in various types of cancer. However, the clinical significance of nuclear YB-1 expression in different settings, the correlation with EGFR, and the prognostic implications of YB-1 expression in cervical cancer remain elusive.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nuclear YB-1 expression was immunohistochemically analyzed in tissue specimens obtained from 204 patients with cervical cancer who underwent surgery. Associations of nuclear YB-1 expression with clinicopathological factors such as survival, EGFR expression, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression were investigated.
RESULTS: Nuclear YB-1 expression was found in 41 (20.2%) of 204 cases of cervical cancer and correlated with disease stage, tumor diameter, stromal invasion, and lymph-node metastasis. Nuclear YB-1 expression also correlated with EGFR expression (P=0.0114) as well as HER2 expression (P=0.0053). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that nuclear YB-1 expression was significantly associated with poor progression-free survival (P=0.0033) and overall survival (P=0.0003), respectively.
CONCLUSION: Nuclear YB-1 expression is a prognostic marker and correlates with EGFR expression in cervical cancer.