Transplant Proc. 2014 Apr;46(3):736-8. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2013.11.126.
Analysis of the hepatic functional reserve, portal hypertension, and prognosis of patients with human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis C virus coinfection through contaminated blood products in Japan.
BACKGROUND: As the survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals has improved due to the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy, the mortality rate due to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease has increased in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.
AIM: The aims of this study were to establish the appropriate therapeutic strategy for HIV/HCV-coinfected patients by evaluating the liver function, including the hepatic functional reserve and portal hypertension, and to investigate the prognosis of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients in Japan.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: In addition to regular liver function tests, the hepatic functional reserve of 41 patients with HIV/HCV coinfection was evaluated using the indocyanine green retention rate and liver galactosyl serum albumin-scintigraphy. The data for 146 patients with HIV/HCV coinfection through blood products were extracted from 4 major HIV centers in Japan. In addition to liver function tests, the platelet counts (PLT) were evaluated as a marker of portal hypertension.
RESULTS: In spite of the relatively preserved general liver function test results, approximately 40% of the HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had an impaired hepatic functional reserve. In addition, while the albumin and bilirubin levels were normal, the PLT was <150,000/μL in 17 patients. Compared with HCV mono-infected patients with a PLT <150,000/μL, the survival of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients was shorter (HCV, 5 years, 97%; 10 years, 86% and HIV/HCV, 5 years, 87%; 10 years, 73%; P < .05).
CONCLUSION: These results must be taken into account to establish an optimal therapeutic strategy, including the appropriate timing of liver transplantation in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients in Japan.