J Bone Miner Metab. 2015 Mar;33(2):186-91. doi: 10.1007/s00774-014-0573-y. Epub 2014 Apr 27.

Incidence of disability and its associated factors in Japanese men and women: the Longitudinal Cohorts of Motor System Organ (LOCOMO) study.


We investigated the incidence of disability and its risk factors in older Japanese adults to establish an evidence-based disability prevention strategy for this population. For this purpose, we used data from the Longitudinal Cohorts of Motor System Organ (LOCOMO) study, initiated in 2008 to integrate information from cohorts in nine communities across Japan: Tokyo (two regions), Wakayama (two regions), Hiroshima, Niigata, Mie, Akita, and Gunma prefectures. We examined the annual occurrence of disability from 8,454 individuals (2,705 men and 5,749 women) aged ≥65 years. The estimated incidence of disability was 3.58/100 person-years (p-y) (men: 3.17/100 p-y; women: 3.78/100 p-y). To determine factors associated with disability, Cox's proportional hazard model was used, with the occurrence of disability as an objective variable and age (+1 year), gender (vs. women), body build (0: normal/overweight range, BMI 18.5-27.5 kg/m(2); 1: emaciation, BMI <18.5 kg/m(2); 2: obesity, BMI >27.5 kg/m(2)), and regional differences (0: rural areas including Wakayama, Niigata, Mie, Akita, and Gunma vs. 1: urban areas including Tokyo and Hiroshima) as explanatory variables. Age, body build, and regional difference significantly influenced the occurrence of disability (age, +1 year: hazard ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.15, p < 0.001; body build, vs. emaciation: 1.24, 1.01-1.53, p = 0.041; body build, vs. obesity: 1.36, 1.08-1.71, p = 0.009; residence, vs. living in rural areas: 1.59, 1.37-1.85, p < 0.001). We concluded that higher age, both emaciation and obesity, and living in rural areas would be risk factors for the occurrence of disability.



PMID:  24770998