Ann Oncol. 2014 Oct;25(10):1973-9. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdu247. Epub 2014 Jul 9.
Activated PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathways are potential good prognostic markers in node-positive, triple-negative breast cancer.
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients are a poor prognostic subgroup, and currently, there is no biomarker for targeted therapy.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 75 TNBC patients with lymph-node metastases who had received adjuvant chemotherapy. We examined 11 biomarkers, including PIK3CA and AKT1mutation, with regard to event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients.
RESULTS: In the tumor tissues, phospho-AKT (pAKT) expression was significantly related to HER4 expression. Expression of each of these biomarkers was significantly related to longer EFS (P = 0.024 and 0.03, respectively). pERK expression was also a good prognostic factor regarding EFS and OS in TNBC (P = 0.002 and 0.006, respectively). We also identified a correlation between epidermal growth factor receptor positivity and insulin-like growth factor receptor type 1 positivity (P = 0.001). pERK and T-stage (1-3 versus >3) were independent good prognostic factors by multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: We determined that tumors expressing pAKT or pERK are a good prognostic subtype in node-positive TNBC. Different targeted therapies may be necessary for TNBC that involves activation of PI3K/AKT or MAPK pathways.