Brain Dev. 2015 Apr;37(4):459-62. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2014.07.009. Epub 2014 Aug 8.

Ophthalmoplegia in congenital neuromuscular disease with uniform type 1 fiber.


Congenital neuromuscular disease with uniform type 1 fiber (CNMDU1) is a rare type of congenital myopathy. It is characterized by early onset of symptoms, mild proximal muscle weakness, hyporeflexia or areflexia, normal serum creatine kinase (CK) levels and myopathic electromyography finding, uniform type 1 fibers, and nonprogression. We report a 2-year-old boy who presented with congenital hypotonia, breathing and feeding difficulty, myopathic facies, proximal muscle weakness, ptosis, total external ophthalmoplegia and delayed motor developmental
milestones. Normal serum muscle enzyme and short duration of motor unit potentials on electromyography were noted. Muscle biopsy showed uniformity of type 1 fibers (greater than 99%) and moderate variation in fiber size without specific structural abnormality. Total external ophthalmoplegia may be one of the important clinical manifestations of CNMDU1. It is important to recognize this disorder because it is nonprogressive in nature.



PMID:  25112543