Immun Ageing. 2014 Nov 26;11(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s12979-014-0018-4. eCollection 2014.

The association between hearing impairment and polymorphisms of genes encoding inflammatory mediators in Japanese aged population.


BACKGROUND: Aging process is accompanied by a chronic sub-clinical systemic inflammation. This study aimed to assess the association between hearing impairment and polymorphisms of genes encoding cytokines deeply-committed to the inflammatory response and immune homeostasis in an elderly Japanese population. Data were collected in the Longitudinal Study of Aging surveyed biennially between 1997 and 2010. The participants without any missing information at baseline were 1,957 individuals, and the gross accumulated number of 8,675 subjects (40-89 years of age) was analyzed. Two hearing impairment criteria were taken as the better ear pure-tone average (PTABE) greater than 25 dB and greater than 40 dB. We analyzed cumulative data using generalized estimating equations to investigate the effect of 9 polymorphisms, namely, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, rs1800630; TNF receptor super family (TNFRSF) 1B, rs1061624; interleukin (IL)-1A, rs1800587; IL-1B, rs16944; IL-4R, rs1801275; IL-6, rs1800796; IL-10, rs1800872; IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK1), rs1059702; C reactive protein (CRP), rs1130864.
RESULTS: The odds ratios for the hearing impairment (PTABE >25 dB) risk under additive genetic model were significant in TNF-α rs1800630 and TNFRSF1B rs1061624, which were respectively 1.172 (confidence interval [CI]: 1.005-1.367), 1.211 (CI: 1.053-1.392) in model after adjustment for possible confounders. Using the criterion of PTABE >40 dB as disabling hearing impairment, the association remains significant in TNFRSF1B rs1061624, but not in TNF-α rs1800630. No other polymorphisms showed a significant association.
CONCLUSIONS: The present population-based cohort study demonstrated that TNF-α rs1800630 and TNFRSF1B rs1061624 contributed to the incremental risk of hearing impairment in the elderly. TNF-α and TNF receptor interactions play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the inflammatory response, and also cause programmed cell death and cell proliferation. The present observation implied the signalling cascades of TNF were involved in ear aging.


TNF-α rs1800630とTNFRSF1B rs1061624は高齢者の聴覚障害リスク増加に寄与していることを実証し、TNF のシグナル伝達をしているカスケードが耳の老化に関係していたことが示唆された。

PMID:  25469152