Summary

Pediatr Int. 2015 Jun;57(3):472-5. doi: 10.1111/ped.12509. Epub 2015 May 27.

Two siblings with cortical dysplasia: Clinico-electroencephalographic features.

Abstract:

The older of two siblings began to have spasms and partial seizures at 1 month of age. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed an abnormal area in the left temporo-parieto-occipital region. Interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) showed a suppression-burst pattern. Adrenocorticotropic hormone stopped the spasms, but the seizures continued. Clonazepam, carbamazepine, zonisamide, and clobazam were ineffective. She underwent focal resection at age 8 months. Postoperatively, the seizures disappeared. Histopathologically, the lesion appeared to be focal cortical dysplasia type IIa. The younger sibling had spasms from birth. Head magnetic resonance imaging showed left hemi-megalencephaly. Interictal EEG showed a suppression-burst pattern. Phenobarbital, valproic acid, and zonisamide were ineffective. He underwent hemispherotomy at age 2 months and became seizure free. The histopathological features were consistent with those of hemi-megalencephaly. The siblings' EEG and clinical courses had some similarities. These siblings' conditions may have the same genetic background.

日本語要旨:

難治性てんかんを伴う脳形成障害の兄弟例の臨床病理学的報告を行った。極めて稀な症例であり、遺伝性とその多様性が想定されている。

PMID:  26012518

前ページへ戻る

PAGE TOP