Pancreatology. 2016 Jan-Feb;16(1):99-105. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2015.11.001. Epub 2015 Nov 30.
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: A single-center 20-year experience with 100 patients.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare tumors, exhibiting several morphological, functional, and behavioral characteristics. However, only few reports have evaluated large case series of pancreatic NEN.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 100 consecutive patients with pancreatic NEN diagnosed pathologically and treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital between 1991 and 2010.
RESULTS: The study included 48 males and 52 females (median age: 55 years). Fourteen patients had clinical symptoms caused by excess hormone secretion at diagnosis. Twelve patients were diagnosed with neuroendocrine tumor (NET) G1, 54 with NET G2, and 32 with neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) as per the 2010 World Health Organization classification. Distant metastases were observed in 25%, 43%, and 84% of the patients with NET G1, NET G2, and NEC, respectively. Serum levels of neuron-specific enolase and lactate dehydrogenase significantly increased in patients with NEC compared with those in patients with NET G1/G2. The 5-year survival rates of patients with NET G1, NET G2, and NEC were 91%, 69%, and 10%, respectively. Good performance status (PS), lower stage, and histopathological grade were identified as independent favorable prognostic factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NET G1/G2 treated with surgical resection had a good prognosis. Most patients with NEC exhibited distant metastases and had a poor prognosis. Staging classification and the WHO 2010 grading are important factors for selecting the appropriate treatment strategy and predicting prognosis for patients with pancreatic NEN.