Summary

Neurol Genet. 2015 Dec 10;1(4):e33. doi: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000000033. eCollection 2015 Dec.

Milder forms of muscular dystrophy associated with POMGNT2 mutations.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To determine the genetic variants in patients with dystroglycanopathy (DGP) and assess the pathogenicity of these variants.
METHODS: A total of 20 patients with DGP were identified by immunohistochemistry or Western blot analysis. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed using patient samples. The pathogenicity of the variants identified was evaluated on the basis of the phenotypic recovery in a knockout (KO) haploid human cell line by transfection with mutated POMGNT2 cDNA and on the basis of the in vitro enzymatic activity of mutated proteins.
RESULTS: WES identified homozygous and compound heterozygous missense variants in POMGNT2 in 3 patients with the milder limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) and intellectual disability without brain malformation. The 2 identified variants were located in the putative glycosyltransferase domain of POMGNT2, which affected its enzymatic activity. Mutated POMGNT2 cDNAs failed to rescue the phenotype of POMGNT2-KO cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Novel variants in POMGNT2 are associated with milder forms of LGMD. The findings of this study expand the clinical and pathologic spectrum of DGP associated with POMGNT2 variants from the severest Walker-Warburg syndrome to the mildest LGMD phenotypes. The simple method to verify pathogenesis of variants may allow researchers to evaluate any variants present in all of the known causative genes and the variants in novel candidate genes to detect DGPs, particularly without using patients' specimens.

日本語要旨:

全エクソーム解析により、αジストログリカノパチー患者にPOMGNT2遺伝子多型を同定した。変異タンパク質の機能試験および相補試験により、見いだした遺伝子多型が真の病因変異であることを証明した。患者の臨床症状は、これまでのPOMGNT2遺伝子変異例にくらべ、きわめて軽症であったが、αジストログリカンの糖修飾パターンには特徴的であった。以上の結果は、POMGNT2遺伝子変異患者の病態は従来の報告よりも多岐にわたること、in vitroの解析により変異の病因を証明できることを示している。

PMID:  27066570

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