Muscle Nerve. 2017 Apr;55(4):465-469. doi: 10.1002/mus.25369. Epub 2016 Dec 30.

Cardiopulmonary dysfunction in patients with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2A.


INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the frequency of cardiopulmonary failure in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (calpainopathy) patients, although some studies have reported severe cardiomyopathy or respiratory failure.
METHODS: To clarify the frequency of cardiopulmonary dysfunction in this patient population, we retrospectively reviewed the respiratory and cardiac function of 43 patients with calpainopathy.
RESULTS: Nine of the 43 patients had forced vital capacity (FVC) < 80%, and 3 used noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Mean FVC was significantly lower in patients who were nonambulant and had normal creatine kinase levels. Only 1 patient had a prolonged QRS complex duration. Echocardiography revealed that 1 patient had very mild left ventricular dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that patients with calpainopathy may develop severe respiratory failure, but cardiac dysfunction is infrequent. Muscle Nerve 55: 465-469, 2017.



PMID:  27500519