Eur J Neurol. 2018 Jan;25(1):154-163. doi: 10.1111/ene.13478. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
Altered TDP-43-dependent splicing in HSPB8-related distal hereditary motor neuropathy and myofibrillar myopathy.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mutations in the small heat-shock protein 22 gene (HSPB8) have been associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2L, distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) type IIa and, more recently, distal myopathy/myofibrillar myopathy (MFM) with protein aggregates and TDP-43 inclusions. The aim was to report a novel family with HSPB8K141E -related dHMN/MFM and to investigate, in a patient muscle biopsy, whether the presence of protein aggregates was paralleled by altered TDP-43 function.
METHODS: We reviewed clinical and genetic data. We assessed TDP-43 expression by qPCR and alternative splicing of four previously validated direct TDP-43 target exons in four genes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.
RESULTS: The triplets and their mother presented in the second to third decade of life with progressive weakness affecting distal and proximal lower limb and truncal muscles. Nerve conduction study showed a motor axonal neuropathy. The clinical features, moderately raised creatin kinase levels, selective pattern of muscle involvement on magnetic resonance imaging and pathological changes on muscle biopsy, including the presence of protein aggregates, supported the diagnosis of a contemporary primary muscle involvement. In affected muscle tissue we observed a consistent alteration of TDP-43-dependent splicing in three out of four TDP-43-target transcripts (POLDIP3, FNIP1 and BRD8), as well as a significant decrease of TDP-43 mRNA levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed the role of mutated HSPB8 as a cause of a combined neuromuscular disorder encompassing dHMN and MFM with protein aggregates. We identified impaired RNA metabolism, secondary to TDP-43 loss of function, as a possible pathological mechanism of HSPB8K141E toxicity, leading to muscle and nerve degeneration.
遺伝性遠位運動性神経障害(dHMN)と筋原線維性ミオパチー(MFM)を合併した臨床型を呈し、病理組織学的にはTDP-43蛋白質の異常蓄積を認める家系について新たに解析した。22-kDa small heat-shock protein遺伝子(HSPB８)の変異が原因であり、HSPB8K141E によりTDP-43の機能が喪失し、RNA代謝障害が引き起こされることで神経や筋肉が障害されることを明らかにした。