J Anesth. 2018 Apr;32(2):174-181. doi: 10.1007/s00540-018-2451-6. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
Genetic and functional analysis of the RYR1 mutation p.Thr84Met revealed a susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the genetic and functional role of a novel RYR1 variant c.251 C > T (p.Thr84Met) identified in a patient with muscle weakness demonstrating MH susceptibility.
METHODS: DNA testing of family members was conducted for assessment of pathogenicity of the genetic variant. For functional analysis, Ca2+ measurement using patient-derived myotubes and p.Thr84Met RYR1-transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells was performed to evaluate reactivity to RYR1 activators. The half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) values of two RYR1 activators, caffeine and 4-chloro-m-cresol (4CmC), were calculated from the acquired dose-response curves. The EC50 was compared between two groups: for myotubes, the control group and the patient, and for HEK-293 cells, WT and p.Thr84Met.
RESULTS: Dose-response curves for caffeine and 4CmC were shifted to the left in both myotubes and HEK-293 cells compared to controls. The 50% effective concentration values for caffeine and 4CmC were significantly lower in both myotubes and HEK-293 cells compared to controls (P < 0.001 for all comparisons).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results of functional testing indicated RYR1 hypersensitivity to caffeine and 4CmC. We conclude that the genetic variant was associated with MH susceptibility.