Cancer Treat Res Commun. 2018;15:21-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ctarc.2018.02.003. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
Genomic profiling in advanced stage non-small-cell lung cancer patients with platinum-based chemotherapy identifies germline variants with prognostic value in SMYD2.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between germline variations as a prognosis biomarker in patients with advanced Non-Small-Cell-Lung-Cancer (NSCLC) subjected to first-line platinum-based treatment.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a two-stage genome-wide-association study in non-small-cell lung cancer patients with platinum-based chemotherapy in an exploratory sample of 181 NSCLC patients from Caucasian origin, followed by a validation on 356 NSCLC patients from the same ancestry (Valencia, Spain).
RESULTS: We identified germline variants in SMYD2 as a prognostic factor for survival in patients with advanced NSCLC receiving chemotherapy. SMYD2 alleles are associated to a decreased overall survival and with a reduced Time to Progression. In addition, enrichment pathway analysis identified 361 variants in 40 genes to be involved in poorer outcome in advanced-stage NSCLC patients.
CONCLUSION: Germline SMYD2 alleles are associated with bad clinical outcome of first-line platinum-based treatment in advanced NSCLC patients. This result supports the role of SMYD2 in the carcinogenic process, and might be used as prognostic signature directing patient stratification and the choice of therapy.
MICROABSTRACT: A two-Stage Genome wide association study in Caucasian population reveals germline genetic variation in SMYD2 associated to progression disease in first-line platinum-based treatment in advanced NSCLC patients. SMYD2 profiling might have prognostic / predictive value directing choice of therapy and enlighten current knowledge on pathways involved in human carcinogenesis as well in resistance to chemotherapy.