Summary

Front Aging Neurosci. 2018 Sep 12;10:273. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2018.00273. eCollection 2018.

Postprandial Hyperglycemia Is Associated With White Matter Hyperintensity and Brain Atrophy in Older Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Abstract:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with neurodegeneration and cerebrovascular disease. However, the precise mechanism underlying the effects of glucose management on brain abnormalities is not fully understood. The differential impacts of glucose alteration on brain changes in patients with and without cognitive impairment are also unclear. This cross-sectional study included 57 older type 2 diabetes patients with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) or normal cognition (NC). We examined the effects of hypoglycemia, postprandial hyperglycemia and glucose fluctuations on regional white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and brain atrophy among these patients. In a multiple regression analysis,
postprandial hyperglycemia was independently associated with frontal WMH in the AD patients. In addition, postprandial hyperglycemia was significantly associated with brain atrophy, regardless of the presence of cognitive decline. Altogether,
our findings indicate that postprandial hyperglycemia is associated with WMH in AD patients but not NC patients, which suggests that AD patients are more susceptible to postprandial hyperglycemia associated with WMH.

日本語要旨:

Alzheimer’s disease(AD)とNormal cognition(NC)の高齢者糖尿病において、血糖コントロールと脳画像指標との関連性を検討した。結果、ADでは食後高血糖と前頭葉の大脳白質病変が関連した。また、食後高血糖はAD、NCともに脳萎縮と関連した

PMID:  30258360

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