Thorac Cancer. 2019 May;10(5):1285-1288. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.13070. Epub 2019 Apr 10.
Successful treatment with nivolumab for SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung carcinoma with a high tumor mutation burden: A case report.
SMARCA4 is a subunit of the switch/sucrose non-fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin-remodeling complex. An effective treatment for SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) has not yet been established. Correlations between a response to immune checkpoint inhibitors and the SWI/SNF complex have been suggested, but little is known about the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors against SMARCA4-deficient NSCLC. A 43-year-old man underwent left upper lobe lung resection and was diagnosed with SMARCA4-deficient lung adenocarcinoma. Two months after surgery, multiple lung metastases appeared. Immunohistochemical analysis showed no PD-L1 expression. Whole-exon sequencing revealed a relatively high tumor mutation burden at 396. After the failure of three standard chemotherapy regimens, the patient was treated with nivolumab as fourth-line treatment. An obvious reduction in the lung metastases was obtained for more than 14窶盈onths. We report the first case of SMARCA4-deficient NSCLC with a high tumor mutation burden successfully treated with nivolumab. Anti-PD-1 antibodies might be a promising treatment strategy for patients with SMARCA4-deficient NSCLC.