Stroke. 2019 Jun;50(6):1561-1563. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.118.024712. Epub 2019 May 7.
Prevalence of RNF213 p.R4810K Variant in Early-Onset Stroke With Intracranial Arterial Stenosis.
Background and Purpose- The ring finger protein 213 gene ( RNF213) is a susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease and large-artery ischemic stroke in East Asia. We examined the prevalence and correlates of the RNF213 p.R4810K variant in patients with early-onset ischemic stroke in a Japanese single-center cohort. Methods- We analyzed 70 early-onset stroke patients with intracranial arterial stenosis who developed a noncardioembolic stroke or transient ischemic attack from 20 to 60 years of age. Patients with moyamoya disease were excluded.
Results- The RNF213 p.R4810K variant was found in 17 patients (24%), and more often in women than men (38% versus 16%, odds ratio 3.3; 95% CI, 1.1-10.2, P=0.04). The variant was identified in 35% of patients with stenosis in the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery or the A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery (odds ratio, 25.0; 95% CI, 1.4-438; P<0.01) but in only one patient (9%) with intracranial posterior circulation stenosis. Conventional atherosclerotic risk factors did not differ between variant carriers and noncarriers.
Conclusions- The RNF213 p.R4810K variant is common in early-onset ischemic stroke with anterior circulation stenosis in Japan. Further investigation of the RNF213 gene will provide new insights into pathogenetic mechanisms of early-onset stroke.