Summary

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jan;220(1):104.e1-104.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2018.09.024. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Maternal biomarkers for fetal heart failure in fetuses with congenital heart defects or arrhythmias.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of fetal heart failure depends primarily on fetal ultrasonography assessment. Our recent study demonstrated that plasma natriuretic peptide levels in umbilical cord blood were correlated with the severity of heart failure in fetuses with congenital heart defects or arrhythmias. However, percutaneous umbilical blood sampling is an invasive procedure, and therefore, less or noninvasive biomarkers reflecting fetal heart failure are required.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of whether maternal serum biomarkers can diagnose fetal heart failure in fetuses with congenital heart defects or arrhythmias.
STUDY DESIGN: This exploratory cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary pediatric cardiac center. A total of 50 singletons with fetal congenital heart defects or arrhythmias and 50 controls who were registered in the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Biobank from 2013 to 2016 were included. Maternal serum samples obtained during the third trimester were analyzed for 2 hormones and 36 cytokines using the Bio-Plex Pro Human Cancer Biomarker panels 1 and 2. We comprehensively analyzed the association between maternal serum biomarkers and ultrasonography findings or fetal arrhythmia status. Fetal heart failure was defined as a cardiovascular profile score ≤7.
RESULTS: Of 37 fetuses with congenital heart defects, heart failure was found in 1 case of tricuspid valve dysplasia with moderate tricuspid regurgitation. Of 13 fetuses with arrhythmias, 5 had heart failure at 28-33 weeks of gestation. Maternal serum cytokine and hormone concentrations were compared between patients with and without fetal heart failure at 28-33 weeks of gestation (n = 6 and n = 61, respectively). Sixty-one fetuses without heart failure consisted of 10 with congenital heart defect, 6 with arrhythmia, and 45 controls. Maternal serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, soluble Fas ligand, transforming growth factor-α, and vascular endothelial growth factor-D were significantly higher when fetuses had heart failure than when they did not (P < .05), whereas maternal serum concentrations of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor were significantly lower when fetuses had heart failure than when they did not (P < .05). Multivariate analysis showed that maternal serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, vascular endothelial growth factor-D, and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor were independently associated with fetal heart failure. The cutoff values were as follows: tumor necrosis factor-α, 68 pg/mL (sensitivity of 50.0%, specificity of 93.4%, positive likelihood ratio of 7.6, negative likelihood ratio of 0.5); vascular endothelial growth factor-D, 1156 pg/mL (sensitivity of 50.0%, specificity of 93.4%, positive likelihood ratio of 7.6, negative likelihood ratio of 0.5); and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor, 90 pg/mL (sensitivity of 83.3%, specificity of 83.6%, positive likelihood ratio of 5.1, negative likelihood ratio of 0.2). The combination of these 3 cytokines showed sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 80.3%, positive likelihood ratio of 5.1, and negative likelihood ratio of 0. In the absence of fetal heart failure, concentrations of all maternal serum cytokines and hormones were similar in cases of fetal congenital heart defects and controls, while maternal serum soluble CD40 ligand concentrations were increased only in fetal arrhythmias.
CONCLUSION: Maternal serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, vascular endothelial growth factor-D, and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor were associated with fetal heart failure.

日本語要旨:

国循バイオバンクのゲノムDNA試料を用いて、もやもや病感受性遺伝子のバリアントが若年発症脳卒中リスク上昇と関与する可能性を示した。

PMID:  31737515

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