Am J Med Genet A. 2020 Apr;182(4):735-739. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.61469. Epub 2019 Dec 27.
Two unrelated pedigrees with achondrogenesis type 1b carrying a Japan-specific pathogenic variant in SLC26A2.
We present two unrelated Japanese pedigrees with achondrogenesis type 1b (ACG1B), characterized by prenatally lethal fetal hydrops and severe micromelia. The affected members in these pedigrees carried a common homozygous missense point mutation in solute carrier family 26 member 2 (SLC26A2), a gene associated with ACG1B (NM_000112:c.1987G>A). This loss-of-function point mutation causes substitution of glycine 663 with arginine in a highly conserved loop domain of SLC26A2. Interestingly, only a few cases of this mutation have been registered in Japanese genomic databases, and there are no reports of this mutation in any major genomic databases outside Japan. Furthermore, we confirmed the presence of a homozygous stretch of approximately 75 kb surrounding the pathogenic variant. Our findings suggest that this missense point mutation in SLC26A2, which is likely the cause of the ACG1B phenotypes in these unrelated fetuses, is distributed exclusively in Japan.