Metabolites. 2020 May 6;10(5):185. doi: 10.3390/metabo10050185.
Characterization of Postprandial Effects on CSF Metabolomics: A Pilot Study with Parallel Comparison to Plasma.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) metabolites reflect biochemical diffusion/export from the brain and possibly serve as biomarkers related to brain disease severity, pathophysiology, and therapeutic efficacy/toxicity. Metabolomic studies using blood matrices have demonstrated interindividual and preanalytical variation of blood metabolites, whereas those of CSF metabolites remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to delineate the postprandial effects on CSF metabolites because fasting of patients with brain-related disorders is challenging. We collected pre- and postprandial (1.5, 3, and 6 h) plasma and CSF from nine healthy subjects. Using a mass-spectrometry-based global metabolomics approach, 150 and 130 hydrophilic metabolites and 263 and 340 lipids were detected in CSF and plasma, respectively. Principal component analysis of CSF hydrophilic metabolites and lipids primarily classified individual subjects at any time point, suggesting that the postprandial effects had a lower impact than interindividual variations on CSF metabolites. Individually, less than 10% of the CSF metabolites were putatively altered by postprandial effects (with either significant differences or over 2-fold changes, but not both) at any time point.
Thus, global CSF metabolite levels are not directly associated with food intake, and except for several putatively altered CSF metabolites, postprandial effects are not a major concern when applying CSF metabolomics to screen biomarkers.