Neuropsychopharmacol Rep. 2020 Jun;40(2):201-205. doi: 10.1002/npr2.12110. Epub 2020 May 19.
Increased apolipoprotein E and decreased TNF-α in the cerebrospinal fluid of nondemented APOE-ε4 carriers.
AIM: The ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is a well-known risk factor of late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, little is known why this variant confers a risk for Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the APOE genotype on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein levels.
METHODS: The present study performed a secondary analysis on our previously generated database to compare the CSF levels of 1128 proteins between APOE-ε4 carriers (28 subjects) and noncarriers (104 subjects). All subjects were physically healthy Japanese individuals without dementia.
RESULTS: CSF levels of apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4 were significantly higher (all nominal P < 10 × 10-5 , false discovery rate < 0.001) and those of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were significantly lower (nominal P = 1.39 × 10-6 , false discovery rate < 0.001) in APOE-ε4 carriers than in noncarriers. No significant correlation was observed between the CSF levels of TNF-α and any of the apoE proteins.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate the possible roles of apoE and TNF-α in the pathogenesis of APOE-ε4-associated Alzheimer's disease.