BMC Res Notes. 2021 Sep 26;14(1):380. doi: 10.1186/s13104-021-05793-4.
Improved library preparation protocols for amplicon sequencing-based noninvasive fetal genotyping for RHD-positive D antigen-negative alleles.
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to simplify our fetal RHD genotyping protocol by changing the method to attach Illumina's sequencing adaptors to PCR products from the ligation-based method to a PCR-based method, and to improve its reliability and robustness by introducing unique molecular indexes, which allow us to count the numbers of DNA fragments used as PCR templates and to minimize the effects of PCR and sequencing errors.
RESULTS: Both of the newly established protocols reduced time and cost compared with our conventional protocol. Removal of PCR duplicates using UMIs reduced the frequencies of erroneously mapped sequences reads likely generated by PCR and sequencing errors. The modified protocols will help us facilitate implementing fetal RHD genotyping for East Asian populations into clinical practice.