Summary

Heart. 2022 May 12;108(11):840-847. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2021-320220.

Impact of cascade screening for catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia type 1.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Human cardiac ryanodine receptor 2 (RYR2) shows autosomal-dominant inheritance in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia type 1 (CPVT1); however, de novo variants have been observed in sporadic cases. Here, we investigated CPVT1-related RYR2 variant inheritance and its clinical significance between familial and de novo cases.
METHODS: We enrolled 82 independent CPVT1 probands (median age: 10.0 (7.0-13.0) years; 45 male) carrying the RYR2 variants and whose biological origin could be confirmed by parental genetic analysis: assured familial inheritance (familial group: n=24) and de novo variants (de novo group: n=58). We examined the clinical characteristics of the probands and their family members carrying the RYR2 variants.
RESULTS: In the de novo group, the RYR2 variants were more likely located in the C-terminus domain and less likely in the N-terminus domain than those in the familial group. The cumulative incidence of the first cardiac events (syncope and cardiac arrest (CA) or CA only) of the probands at the age of 5 and 10 years was higher in the de novo group than in the familial group. Nearly half of the probands in both groups experienced CA events before diagnosis. Only 37.5% of their genotype-positive parents had symptoms; however, at least 66.7% of the genotype-positive siblings were symptomatic.
CONCLUSIONS: CPVT1 probands harbouring de novo RYR2 variants showed an earlier onset of symptoms than those with assured familial inheritance. Cascade screening may enable early diagnosis, risk stratification and prophylactic therapeutic intervention to prevent sudden cardiac death of probands and potential genotype-positive family members.

日本語要旨:

de novo RYR2変異体を保有するCPVT1プロバンドは、家族歴を有するプロバンドよりも早期に症状の発症を示することが示された。

PMID:  35135837

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